Grade 4
Unit: Spelling and Vocabulary
Purposes: spelling patterns, high frequency words, grade appropriate words, word origins, figurative language, nuances in word meanings, and word relationships
Essential Questions: Where do words come from? How do we figure out the meaning of words we don't know? How are words connected?

Description: Spelling is learned through a word study approach. Students learn patterns, spelling rules, prefixes, suffixes, homophones, and sight words through weekly spelling lists, word sorts, and a variety of activities. Students acquire and use vocabulary across the content areas through explicit instruction, reading, writing, listening, speaking, and multimedia.


Desired Results

Common Core State Standards

Language Standards K-5

Conventions of Standard English
2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
d. Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
a. Use content (e.g. definitions, examples, or restatements in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrases.
b. Use common grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g. telegraph, photograph, autograph)
c. Consult reference materials, both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.

5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
a. Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors in context.
b. Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.
c. Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites (antonyms) and to words with similar but not identical meanings (synonyms).

6. Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being (e.g. quizzed, whined, stammered) and that are basic to a particular topic (e.g. wildlife, conservation, and endangered)

CT Grade Level Expectations

Use spelling rules and patterns from previous grades.
Spell grade-appropriate words taught as part of the curriculum content areas.
Spell high-frequency words correctly
Explain and spell common homophones and homographs
Spell common contractions
Use knowledge of morphology and structural analysis as an aid to spelling word.
Apply spelling knowledge in writing.

NETS for Students
1. Creativity and Innovation
Students demonstrate creative thinking, construct knowledge, and develop innovative products and processes using technology. Students:
b. create original works as a means of personal or group expression.

Connecticut Mastery Test Objectives
Writing Editing and Revising
Understandings
Essential Questions
Words and phrases have roots in languages, cultures, and history.

There are many strategies for figuring out words.
Where do words come from?

How do we figure out the meaning of words we don't know?


Knowledge:

The student will know...
Skills:

The students will be able to...
spelling rules and patterns
grade appropriate words
high-frequency words
contractions
homophones and homographs
strategies for spelling unknown words
strategies for finding meaning of unknown words
greek and latin roots and affixes
similes
metaphors
idioms
proverbs
synonyms
antonyms
figurative language, word relationships and nuances
spelling and vocabulary reference materials
apply knowledge of spelling and words to reading and writing

use context to figure out meaning of unknown words

consult reference materials to aid in spelling and word meaning

explain meaning of similes and metaphors


Content Vocabulary
homophones
roots
suffix
prefix
simile
metaphor
idiom
proverb
synonym
antonym
dictionary
thesaurus


Assessment Evidence
Performance Tasks

Spelling and vocabulary will be an integral component in performance
tasks across the curriculum.
Formative Assessments
Developmental Spelling Assessment
Weekly Pretests and Postests
Writing

Summative Assessments
Writing Prompts
CMT

Student Assessments
Editing Checklists
Integral component of scoring guides/rubrics across the grade level

Learning Plan
Resources

Houghtin Mifflin Spelling and Vocabulary
Quick Word Books
Online Games and Activities
Anchor Activities
Administer developmental spelling assessment to determine developmental level of students
Words Their Way
Word Journeys
Differentiate spelling lists based on DSA and on pre-tests (later in year)
Spelling Lists
Weekly Spelling Activities
Spelling Workbooks
Word Sorts
Spelling City
Online Games and Activities
SMARTboard Activities
Spelling Foldables
Vocabulary Building Activities
Spelling Workbooks
Word of the Week Activities
Word Videos
Vocabulary Animotos
Online Games and Activities
SMARTboard Activities
Grammar Foldables